What is Hemodialysis?

The kidneys have several roles in the body. They provide the balance of electrolytes, water, acid and base in the body, help control the chemical balance of the blood ,regulate the body's level of sodium, potassium and calcium, help to regulate blood pressure,they activate vitamin D and produce erythropoietin hormone which is vital for the production of red blood cells.

It is observed that substances such as urea, phosphorus, creatinine and potassium increase in the blood as a result of advanced renal failure. These harmful substances are excreted from the body through urine in patients with healthy kidneys, but it is not possible to remove all harmful substances through urine in patients with renal failure. Kidney transplantation is a definitive solution for those who have uncurable renal failure.

Hemodialysis is applied to patients with renal failure that have not progressed yet.Hemodialysis, which is carried out with the help of a dialyzer, is also known as artificial kidney among people. During hemodialysis the blood is removed from the body , filtered through a dialyzer and then returned to the body. At what intervals and how long patients will be treated with hemodialysis, the patient's health and physiological needs are determined by physicians and a suitable hemodialysis program is prepared for the patient.

Who Needs Hemodialysis ?

Hemodialysis is applied to the patients who consult hospitals for the symptoms and complaints listed below and the patient who has been diagnosed with renal failure is diagnosed after performing the necessary examination and tests.

  • Sleeping disorders
  • Weakness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea
  • Hiccups
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Swelling in the legs and face
  • Abnormal Bleeding
  • Extreme Weight Loss

How is Hemodialysis Done ?

The blood is removed from the body through the vascular accesses which are established with the help of a fistula, graft or catheter, then it is filtered in a dialyzer , the toxic substances in the blood are separated and cleaned with a solution called dialysate. After the blood purification, the blood values are balanced and return to the patient via the vein.

The details about the vascular access methods which are mentioned above

Catheter: Catheters are used to establish a temporary vascular access. This method is mostly used in emergencies and the catheters can be used immediately after being inserted from the neck, groin or lower part of the collarbone.

Fistula: Fistula is one of the most reliable hemodialysis methods that has the longest lifetime after it has been applied. An arteriovenous fistula (AFV) is created by integrating the arterial and vein as a result of the surgery which is performed on the patients who need to undergo regular dialysis. The fistula is also known as permanent vascular access and is expected to be approximately two to three weeks after the surgery, so that it can be used in the hemodialysis process. During this process, the vessel is enlarged enough and the blood flow rate is reached at which adequate dialysis can be provided The fistula can be used for years.

Graft: Graft is a permanent vascular access like a fistula. Briefly it is the process of placing an artificial vessel into the body is called graft. According to the fistula, the arterial and vein are integrated with an artificial vessel with the help of surgery and suitable vessel access for hemodialysis is established.There are approximately two or three weeks of recovery period before hemodialysis can be started after the surgery.

What should hemodialysis patients pay attention to?

It is very important for the patients to continue the hemodialysis per the treatment plan created by their doctors. Disruption of the treatment is inconvenient in terms of both the patient's health and the success of the treatment.The fluid and salt consumption of the patients should be kept under control as determined by the doctors. Besides, it is necessary to pay attention to the consumption of potassium and phosphorus. Depending on blood values, patients may need to use vitamin D. It is very important also for the hemodialysis patient to avoid alcohol and cigarette consumption, regular exercise and adopts a healthy lifestyle.

As Bilva Health, we are at your service with our experienced Hemodyalisis team and the doctors we are working with. We carry out the diagnosis and treatment process to be applied to our patients with our specialists and surgeons.

Why Bilva health?

We are aware that people who have health problems want to solve their problems in the easiest, fastest and most accurate way. We are working hard to get you to the right treatment. From the moment you leave your home, we will be with you in every process. We are interested in all the necessary details on behalf of you, such as plane tickets, visas, welcoming, accommodation and transportation. All you have left is to be treated by trusting us and the physicians.

We are proud and happy that you have chosen for us, together with our team, who will get you to specialists in the easiest and most reliable way.

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