Infectious diseases are diseases that are caused by the proliferation of microorganisms such as parasites, viruses, bacteria and fungi that enter our body and attach to various organs and tissues. In addition, it is known that some microorganisms cause disease by secreting some toxins during the reproduction process outside the body or after entering the body. The severity of infectious diseases is related to the strength of the body's defense mechanism against infections.

Infection occurs in bodies with insufficient defense mechanisms. Some factors such as nutritional disorders, immune system deficiencies, poor hygiene conditions, chronic diseases, inadequate vaccination, infancy or old age, medical and surgical interventions weaken the defense mechanism.

Infectious diseases spread through direct or indirect contact and the airborne as well. Organic materials such as water, blood, plasma, serum, and feces are also the major sources of infectious diseases. It is known that animals such as ticks, mosquitoes and fleas can also carry microorganisms that can cause infection to the human body.

Fatal infectious diseases are one of the most common diseases in the world and Turkey.

In highly developed countries the mortality rate can be reduced thanks to technologies that provide rapid diagnosis, but high mortality is observed in less developed countries where the same opportunities are not available.

What diseases does the Infectious Diseases Department deal with?

The infectious diseases department deals with various diseases such as AIDS, tuberculosis, jaundice, flu, diarrhea and urinary tract infection. Various symptoms can be seen but it can progress without symptoms in some cases. The most common symptom seen is "fever”.When the fever and similar complaints, the test results (blood, urine, radiographs, etc.) and the medical history of the patient are examined, the disease is diagnosed so that the treatment process can start.

Keeping hospital infections under control is one of the duties of the infectious diseases department. Infectious diseases physicians carry out studies and inform other doctors and health care professionals, to prevent highly resistant microorganisms that can be observed in intensive care units.Travel medicine services are also provided additionally by the infectious diseases unit. It should be applied to the Infectious Diseases department for pre-travel vaccination.

Influenza: Influenza is one of the most common infectious diseases. It is contagious and increases during seasonal transition periods. The flu has the symptoms such as a runny nose, fever, and sore throat. One of the first steps in preventing the flu is getting vaccinated. Another way of protection is not in touch with the people who have flu symptoms and to take care of our hygiene.

Coronavirus: Covid-19 (Coronavirus), which has become a pandemic by affecting the whole world in 2020, is a dangerous infectious disease. Symptoms such as fever, weakness, dry cough and lack of appetite lasting for 2 weeks are observed. The contagious coronavirus disease can be fatal. In case that any of these symptoms appear, it is necessary to go to the hospital as soon as possible.

Urinary Tract Infections: Urinary tract infections are also one of the common diseases. This disease has some symptoms such as frequent urination, difficulty in urination, pain and fever,and it is more common in women than men. Antibiotics are frequently used for the treatment of the disease. It is important that the treatment of this disease, which is diagnosed as a result of the tests, is carried out under the control of a doctor.

Diarrhea: Diarrhea is one of the most common infectious diseases because many different microorganisms can cause this disease.

Diarrhea, defined as an intestinal infection, can cause symptoms such as nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, fever and headache. Symptoms can be short or long-term. Long-standing diarrhea can lead to excessive fluid loss in the body after a while. Complaints such as malodorous urine and dry mouth can be seen due to excessive fluid loss in the later stages with diarrhea caused by microorganisms taken from food and water.

Hepatitis (Infectious Jaundice): Hepatitis is classified as A, B, C, D and E according to their types. Hepatitis viruses cause liver inflammation and are usually transmitted through blood or sexual contact. It is possible to avoid this virus with vaccination. Hepatitis B can cause symptoms such as weakness, jaundice and weakness. Hepatitis C damages the liver, just like hepatitis B. Hepatitis C has the same symptoms as Hepatitis B except for jaundice. Seventy percent of patients have this disease chronically. In some cases, hospitalization and doctor control may be required for the treatment. If it is not treated, hepatitis B, C, and D can cause years later cirrhosis or liver cancer.

Meningitis: Meningitis occurs as a result of inflammation of the spinal cord and brain membrane. Various bacteria, viruses and parasites cause this disease. Meningitis, which can be seen in various age groups, is especially dangerous for children. Severe headaches, high fever and vomiting are the most common initial symptoms of the disease. It can be fatal if it is not noticed and requires urgent intervention. It is very important for parents to check out their children frequently and to apply to the hospital quickly if one of the symptoms is observed.

HIV and AIDS: HIV and AIDS are often confused with each other. Contrary to general belief, they are two different diseases.HIV is a virus that leads to HIV infection and destroys the immune system. It is transmitted through unprotected sex and blood. HIV, which has the symptoms such as fever, diarrhea, headache and sore throat, vomiting and rash, neutralizes the body's immune system over years if it is not treated. AIDS is the contraction for acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and is the advanced stage of HIV infection. Most of the individuals with HIV infection continue their lives without reaching the AIDS stage with the treatments applied. In 2017, the World Health Organization (WHO) removed HIV infection among the fatal diseases.

Since a preventive inoculation against HIV has not been developed yet, it is necessary to adopt a lifestyle that will prevent the transmission of the disease and pay attention to strengthening the immune system. The patient with HIV should have regular doctor controls.

Typhoid fever: Typhoid fever is a life-threatening infection caused by the bacterium ‘’ Salmonella Typhi’’. It is usually spread through the ingestion of contaminated food or water. Typhoid has the symptoms such as headache, fever, fatigue, constipation, muscle pain, lack of appetite and the symptoms appear one or two weeks after the person is infected.

Typhoid fever, which can be transmitted due to insufficiently chlorinated water or food of animal origins such as unpasteurized eggs, milk and dairy products, and uncooked meat, can also be transmitted to other people through the urine of infected people.

It can be diagnosed with blood, urine and stool tests. Although vaccination provides fifty percent protection against typhoid fever, people need to pay attention to personal hygiene and to the food and beverages they consume. As Bilva Health, we are at your service with our experienced Infectious Diseases team and the doctors we are working with. We carry out the diagnosis and treatment process to be applied to our patients with our specialists and surgeons

Why Bilva Health?

We are aware that people who have health problems want to solve their problems in the easiest, fastest and most accurate way. We are working hard to get you to the right treatment. From the moment you leave your home, we will be with you in every process. We are interested in all the necessary details on behalf of you, such as plane tickets, visas, welcoming, accommodation and transportation. All you have left is to be treated by trusting us and the physicians.

We are proud and happy that you have chosen for us, together with our team, who will get you to specialists in the easiest and most reliable way.

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